Applied Particle Physics in Energy Research

Drone Lift Technologies

The rejection of the very possibility of gyroscopic propulsion is so complete and pervasive that any mention of it automatically triggers disbelief and skepticism since many who study it never seem to build prototypes which unambiguously pass the NASA pendulum test.1 Due to this societal pressure acting against members of the professional physics community, the solution to this problem might only be undertaken by those outside this community. While the requirement of physics competency excludes numerous non-scientist practitioners trying, many of them post their well and ill engineered attempts on YouTube apparently not succeeding. Therefore the competition in this space by those competent to undertake it is almost non-existent.2 In this regard it is my strength that I am currently an unaffiliated freelance physicist solo practitioner outside the professional and academic physics community.

At the same time, a working gyroscopic propulsion system is a holy grail of physics solutions because it represents a pure electric motor propulsion system which therefore does not require the vast amounts nor costs nor dangers of conventional rocket fuel. Just batteries and in theory solar panels would be sufficient to power such systems. A gyroscopic thrust system would thus not deploy material ejection (which includes conventional rocketry and newer ion ejection systems), would not require atmospheric displacement (which deploy propellers to move air opposite to propulsion direction) and also would not be based on electromagnetic radiation (such as recent `EM drives' deploying microwaves in asymmetric cavities). A pure electric motor propulsion system, spinning flywheels under battery power alone, if successfully proved in concept would therefore enable order of magnitudes lower cost earth-to-space cargo transport and even safer than conventional commercial aircraft earth-to-space human travel including frequent Solar System exploration.

Limited by lack of resources required for adequate time and materials costs at suitable machine shops, my gyroscopic prototypes intended to demonstrate proof of concept lift force while advanced from earlier trials are still under development. Adequately funded, the relevant answers as to whether the proposed innovations are feasible could be answered in merely a few dedicated weeks because I have clearly derived the governing master equation from Newton's Laws and so the tasks for the prototype to demonstrate are clear and the equation has distinct predictions. A yes or no for at least this equation is not so far off.

Accordingly, contact was made in 2016 to the 16 qualifying teams for the Google Lunar XPrize, 6 of whom responded one of which provisionally agreed to sell their position so I could deploy my proposed technology to build my own Earth-to-Moon drone when all the other teams planned their systems only for traversing 500 meters on the moon while deploying third party launch vendors for the Earth-to-Moon portion of the expedition. On the contrary however if my technology were only given the chance to be adequately tested, and if it's concepts proved valid, it could possibly have been capable of propelling from Earth-to-Moon by itself unlike any of the other teams.

1. Prof Eric Laithwaite was invited to deliver a 1974 Royal Society lecture after which he was not invited again. He was invited later to give a gyrsoscope lecture for students in the Royal Society theatre which does show some remarkable demonstrations. While he filed and was awarded a patent, and explored gyroscopic systems quite extensively I have not yet seen any clear physics derivations by him for his observations. Given that his mechanical devices are not in widespread operation today I suspect he never discovered these derivations. On the contrary, starting from first principles (Newton's Laws) I believe I have derived the correct governing equation. Instead of proclaiming any victory for this theory, however, I'd rather build the prototype guided by the equation and would like to demonstrate an unexpected phenomena first and then explain it, not the other way round. The reason is that this theory and my understanding have not yet been adequately tested. I'm keeping my mind open to being challenged by observations of the equipment. Many other gyroscopic explorers less scientific than Laithwaite have followed him and continue to post in this space but none appear to be guided by the master equation in their designs and none have built pendulums on which to test their devices. Therefore, I am holding my derivation close as proprietary until I can build suitable business protections around it. (My proposed drive is not reactionless since mine was derived from and hence obeys all of Newton's Laws, including the third.)

2. Project Greenglow was a government-military effort in the UK & elsewhere from 1996-2003. A 50 minute BBC documentary on Project Greenglow describes their efforts. In the end, none of the devices explored unambiguously passed the pendulum test. Consequently, funding ended and the whole effort was shut down. This documentary even profiles some of the early career of Prof Laithwaite including some of his remarkable gyroscopic demonstrations as well. I am therefore really surprized that when they expended their significant resources in this field, they too apparently never derived the governing master equation I did which makes predictions that are very clear to investigate. The conclusion is that vast resources have abandoned this field as of 2004 or so; now armed with the master equation it is time for very modest sums (less than required to produce the videos) to be expended since there are rational very specific predictions providing a basis for expecting better results this time.

Hydrogen From Water Technologies

Thermochemical Water Splitting

Hydrogen From Fossil Fuels Technologies

Thermochemical Hydrocarbon Splitting
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) CHP systems

Hydrogen Cartridge Charger Technologies

Hydrogen Cell Phone Chargers

Accelerator Transmutation of Nuclear Waste (ATW)

Spallation Neutrons from Fission Reactor
Vast majority of literature in ATW focuses on sATW

Fusion Neutrons from Tokamak Reactor
New growing literature in ATW focuses on tATW

Fusion Neutrons from Muon Catalyzed Fusion Target
No literature in ATW focuses on mATW but there should be and this is strongly advocated by General Scientifics

General Relativity

MIT-Mt Sunapee NH Time Dilation Measurement

Planetary Time Dilation Calculator

Special Relativity

Light Speed Normalization

Muon Physics Applications

Muon \(g-2\): Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon
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General Scientifics is a general physics consulting practice focused on deriving solutions to technical challenges faced in industrial applications by means of applications of mathematical, classical, quantum, relativistic, molecular, atomic, nuclear and/or particle-level physics. General Scientifics makes available PhD experimental physics experience designing, building, constructing and operating custom electronics hardware and software embedded in particle detector equipment including analysis of data from experiments and their comparison with theoretical predictions at particle accelerator laboratories in USA (Bates (MIT), Fermilab (SSC), BNL, Wright (Yale)), Russia (BINP) and Japan (KEK). Pre-doctoral support was provided by the US Dept of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Particle Physics Division; Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Division and post-doctoral by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) government agencies.

Recent and current experience includes calculations in Relativity (General Relativity: time dilations expected from the different gravity fields in the Solar System; Special Relativity: development of light speed normalization notation), mechanical acceleration (drone lift physics), and basic hydrogen chemistry for hydrogen applications.

On going projects seek development of innovations in the fields of drone stability and robust capability to lift greater weights to ultimately enable and achieve the holy grail of realistic physics for flying cars; hydrogen applications in efforts to devise safe and reversible means for storing hydrogen in and extracting hydrogen from water to enable and achieve rendering the municipal water supply as the hydrogen fuel infrastructure; and an effort to deploy neutrons from muon catalyzed fusion reactions towards accelerator transmutation of nuclear waste to not just move nuclear waste around but to actually eliminate it from the world at a rate faster than it is generated.


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